Lesvos, also known as Lesbos or Mytilene, is a Greek island in the northeastern Aegean Sea. The island has a long and rich history dating back thousands of years.
Lesvos has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era, around 10,000 BCE. The island was an important center of the Aeolian culture in the 8th century BCE, and the poet Sappho was born on the island around 630 BCE. In the 6th century BCE, Lesvos came under Persian rule, and in 477 BCE, it joined the Delian League.
In the 5th century BCE, under the Athenian rule, Lesvos became an important center of trade and culture. The famous philosopher Aristotle lived on the island for a time, teaching Alexander the Great. During this time, the island was known for its wine, olive oil, and textiles.
Roman and Byzantine Periods
In the 2nd century BCE, Lesvos came under Roman rule, and in the 4th century CE, it became part of the Byzantine Empire. During this period, the island was an important center of Christianity, with many churches and monasteries built. In the 7th century, Lesvos was invaded by the Slavs and suffered a period of decline.
In 1462, Lesvos was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became an important center of the Ottoman administration. The island was known for its production of soap and its shipbuilding industry. During this period, many Orthodox Christians were forced to convert to Islam.
Lesvos became part of Greece in 1912, after the Balkan Wars. During World War II, the island was occupied by the Germans and suffered significant damage. In the 20th century, the island became an important center of migration, with many refugees and immigrants arriving in Lesvos seeking a better life.
Today, Lesvos is known for its beautiful landscapes, traditional villages, and historical sites. It is a popular tourist destination for those seeking the natural beauty of the Aegean islands, as well as for those interested in history and culture.